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Manor Farm, Eastwell, Leicestershire.

INTRODUCTION Documentary evidence indicated that Manor Farm, Eastwell was the likely site of the medieval manor of the prestigious Brabazon family (Round 1905, pp3-7) (Slade 1956, p51) (Doubleday and de Walden 1932, pp612-613) (Nichols 1795, pp166-167) and Meredith (1965, p50). Ceramic finds retrieved from all but one of the eight evaluation trenches and two small test pits confirmed the suspicion of early habitation. The main surviving features include a complex of earthworks, two hollow ways and foundations of a substantial perimeter wall. Remote sensing results, isolated finds and discussions with the site owner Mr. Alan Haynes, determined the positioning of each trench. LOCATION (Maps 1&2) The site is located at (SK 7774 2862) on the eastern side of the village and lies at approximately 145m on the Ordnance Datum. The geology is composed of boulder clay overlying Middle Lias marlstone or ironstone. Investigations included a comprehensive contour survey employing (G.P.S.) technology, resistivity, and a photogrammetric study of the surviving seventeenth-century farmhouse. THE TRENCHES Trench 1 established a former pond site and was prematurely terminated due to flooding from localised perch water. Trenches 2 and 2A revealed the structure thought to be the southern perimeter wall and successfully located one side of a formal entrance which contained a sequence of metalled surfaces; the final surface excavated comprised of small, neatly dressed ironstone flags from between which was retrieved a single sherd of Nottingham Splashed-glaze ware dating to the thirteenth-century (pers.comm. Hillary Healey. (Heritage Lincolnshire), (McCarthy and Brooks 1988, p276). Examination of the present eastern garden boundary (Trench 3) exposed a poor Victorian wall overlying finely dressed masonry of a building. This trench contained pottery dating from the tenth to the sixteenth century and fragments of roof tile indicating on-site manufacture (pers. comm. H. Healey). Trench 4 was intended to locate a flight of steps which, according to anecdotal evidence, led to the house cellar from the outside. This excavation uncovered a line of masonry extending northwards and suggested the survival of a complete undercroft preserved beneath the present house. Finds recovered from the fill within the suspected undercroft included a horseshoe resembling known Norman examples (Fig. 1) (pers. comm. John Clark, Museum of London), (Clark 1995, p85, fig 61). and a late eighteenth-century creamware sherd which helped fix a terminus post quem for the final phase of demolition. Pottery recovered from the outside of the wall-line also dated from the tenth to the sixteenth-century and was accompanied by quantities of roof tile and incised mortar (pers. comm. Graham Morgan. (University of Leicester, School of Archaeological Studies). Extension of Trench 4 to the north revealed an internal corner of the undercroft while further work within the main trench produced evidence of an entrance to the undercroft (Fig. 3). Trench 5 was situated to investigate a linear parchmark which was considered to be a northern perimeter wall. However, this excavation revealed a uniform surface of ironstone cobbles which when removed offered sherds of tenth-century

Eaton allotments, Leicestershire

See also Stathern investigations.

I attach a pic of me at Stonehenge in 1965, these were the days you could wander through the stones without any form of security enforced.
The following Autumn saw the arrival of a box of goodies from Derbyshire Museum Service. The box was of no interest to my class-mates because it only contained 'flints.'
I was intrigued by a Neandethal hand axe dated 40.000BC, I thought there must be a mistake because even the world wasn't that old.
I think that was the start for me.